Archive for virtual worlds

Market and Society in Virtual Worlds

Posted in Online papers with tags , , on March 19, 2008 by frans

This was the paper that started the ongoing growth of academic and business interest in the virtual economics and real-money trading on virtual, game property:

Castronova, Edward (2001) ‘Virtual Worlds: A First-Hand Account of Market and Society on the Cyberian Frontier’. CESifo Working Paper No. 618, December 2001. Online:


Hearts, Clubs, Diamonds, Spades

Posted in Online papers with tags , , , , , on March 9, 2008 by frans

This is the classic paper that is often quoted in studies into online player typologies, online sociology and player psychology:

Bartle, Richard (1996) ‘Hearts, Clubs, Diamonds, Spades: Players Who Suit MUDs’. The Journal of Virtual Environments, 1(1). Online: